Community-based Participatory Research: Ways of doing research that aim to bring together community and academic expertise to explore and create opportunities for social action and change.

Critical Appraisal: A process that uses a systematic plan to identify the strengths and weaknesses of a research article in order to assess the usefulness and reliability of research findings.

Dissemination: The distribution of information and intervention materials to a specific audience that have been specifically developed and distributed to a specific audience. The intent is to spread information. (Adapted from NIH).

End of grant/project KT: Activities aimed at diffusing, disseminating or applying the results of a research project. (Adapted from CIHR).

Implementation practice: The use of strategies to adopt and integrate evidence-based interventions and change practice within specific settings. (Adapted from NIH).

Implementation science: Examines the process of implementing an intervention, or adapting an intervention to settings different from the ones in which it was originally developed and tested. The goal is to understand how specific health interventions can be better adapted to different regions, cultures, genders, or conditions, and, if applicable, how the interventions can be scaled up. (Adapted from MSFHR).

Integrated KT (iKT): A research process in which knowledge users are engaged as equal partners alongside researchers. The central premise of iKT is that involving knowledge users as equal partners alongside researchers will lead to research that is more relevant to, and more likely to be useful to, the knowledge users. (Adapted from CIHR).

KT science: The scientific study of the theories, mechanisms, concepts and/or methods used in KT (including iKT, dissemination and implementation).

Knowledge synthesis: Methodologies for determining what is known in a given area or field and what the knowledge gaps are (e.g., systematic reviews).

Knowledge tools/products:  Refined knowledge for decision-making (e.g., guidelines, decision aids, algorithms).

Knowledge users: Individuals, groups and/or communities who are likely to be able to use research results to make informed decisions about policies, programs and/or practices. A knowledge user's level of engagement in the research process may vary in intensity and complexity depending on the nature of the research and on his/her information needs. (Adapted from CIHR)

OCAP®: Standing for Ownership, Control, Access and Possession, OCAP® asserts that First Nations have control over data collection processes in their communities, and that they own and control how this information can be used. (The First Nations Principles of OCAP).

Patient-oriented research (POR): Research done in partnership with patients, that answers research questions that matter to patients and aims to improve health care. (BC SUPPORT Unit).